We supply petroleum and natural gas to foreign and domestic market and are focused on meeting the anticipated growing demand on globally and Russia market and as such, we expect to benefit from expected increases in regulated prices for petroleum and natural gas sold and forecast increases in power generation capacity and infrastructure investments in Russia.
Bitumen is one of the most popular materials on almost any construction, without which construction work is difficult to imagine. This oil material has valuable water-repellent properties, which is very important in many industries, including pipeline, roofing, road and other works.
The composition of bitumen is very complex, it includes carbons, sulfur, nitrogen, metals and other elements, and depending on the structure, composition and origin, bitumen can have different properties and characteristics. In our country, a high-tech production of bitumen of various types is established: construction, road, roofing, high-melting and insulation.
Insulating bitumen, as is clear from the name, serves as an insulator, and is used very widely in laying the pipeline, as a fuse against moisture.
Road bitumen can be of two types - liquid or viscous. Viscous is indispensable in the construction and repair of roads, and is used for bonding mortar components. A liquid - this is the same viscous bitumen, but liquefied with a special composition, which evaporates naturally after laying the pavement. This bitumen is convenient in that it allows you to significantly extend the terms of work.
Roofing bitumen is of two types - cover and impregnated, and is widely used in the production of roofing.
Bitumen building is popular due to its water-repellent properties, and is used both during the laying of the foundation of the building, and in a variety of other works - from construction of any scale, to major repair work.
Building, roofing, road bitumen is manufactured in strict accordance with all existing standards and GOSTs, on special equipment. Work with this material requires safety (bitumen combustible), and the availability of protective work clothing.
D2 Diesel Gas Oil
MAZUT - M100
Mazut - M100 is commonly referred to as a petroleum product, which is either a residual oil product, or a result of oil refining.
Mazut is a hydrocarbon mixture that has a fluid flow structure and a saturated dark brown color, sometimes almost black, and a specific odor. Its composition is complex, and can contain carbons, petroleum resins, carbides, asphaltenes and various organic compounds, including metal impurities such as nickel, magnesium, sodium, iron, and others.
Sometimes mazut obtained as a result of refining is subjected to a repeated process of treatment, under vacuum and with gradually increasing distillation temperature. This product gets the best properties. Mazut may have different parameters and characteristics, which vary depending on what the oil was, and also on the degree of distillate distillate distillation. The properties of mazut can vary such indicators as density, viscosity, pour point and combustion temperature, as well as the presence of certain chemicals.
The field of application of mazut is, as a rule, the fuel industry. Mazut heats industrial boilers, stoves and other heating installations. In addition, mazut is used as a starting material for the manufacture of various types of fuel, engine oil, tar.
It is customary to distinguish between two types of mazut - furnace and naval. The second is used as fuel for various types of water transport. In other cases, the first type is used. They differ in composition (the presence of various additives) and consistency. In general, the fleet mazut has better parameters, for example, its viscosity is lower, water and various additives are less, and also the pour point of the substance is lower.
Mazut often has to be re-processed, primarily with the goal of obtaining distillates, which are subsequently used in various areas of raw materials production. In addition to the distillates, after the technological distillation of mazut, other residual substances remain, which also go into use - in the production of tar, oils and greases, in the coke-chemical industry.
In the fuel industry mazut is almost the most popular type of fuel, and without it - it is impossible to imagine the normal functioning of housing and communal services, industry and production spheres.
Mazut is also popular due to its relatively low cost, and its use is very efficient and economical. Mazut, unlike other types of fuel, is not considered to be seasonal, and its popularity in the warm season is almost as high as in winter, during the heating season.
Diesel – is a liquid product used as a fuel in a diesel engine. Catane number indicates the ability of the fuel to ignite in the combustion chamber and is equal to the volume of certain content in the mixture, which in normal conditions ASTM D613 has an equivalent flammability compared to studied fuels. Flash point, determined by ASTM D93, diesel fuel should not exceed 70 ° C. Distillation temperature, determined by ASTM D86, diesel fuel should not be below 200 and above 350 ° C. Diesel Gas Oil – is economical and more environmentally friendly than gasoline. Diesel fuel is consumed mostly by trucks and agricultural machinery. Depending on the climatic conditions the composition and properties of diesel fuels are defined and regulated in accordance with GOST standards.
Its sulfur content is in the range of 0.15%, 1.5% to 5-7% (heavy tar oil) which is limit in the marine fuel – to 1%, According to the last regulations in Europe and California the approved sulfur content in diesel fuel is not more than 0.001% (10 ppm). Lowering the sulfur content of diesel fuel leads to a reduction of its lubricating properties. Diesel fuels with ultra-low sulfur must have additives.
Ship low-viscosity fuel (SMT)
Ship low-viscosity fuel (SMT) - is medium distillate fuel. It is intended for use in ship power plants instead of diesel engines. Components of low viscosity marine fuel are non-hydrotreated direct atmospheric and vacuum distillates, products of secondary origin - light and heavy gas oils of catalytic and thermal cracking, coking.
We work directly with the largest producers in Russia, therefore we offer oil products of only the highest quality.
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG)
Natural gas is cooled after removal of impurities to the condensing temperature (-161,5 C) , turns into a liquid called liquefied natural gas (LNG). The volume of gas liquefaction decreases to 600 times, which is one of the main advantages of this technology.
LNG is produced by the so-called Liquefaction plants (factories) and can then be transported in special cryogenic tanks - marine tankers or tanks for land transport. This allows you to deliver the gas to areas that are far away from the main pipelines, traditionally used to transport conventional natural gas.
Natural gas in liquid form long shelf that allows you to create reserves . Before delivery directly to the consumer of LNG is returned to its original gaseous state at regasification terminals.
The first attempts to liquefy natural gas for industrial purposes refer to the beginning of the XX century. In 1917, the U.S. got the first LNG, but the development of pipeline systems deliver far delayed improvement of the technology. In 1941, another attempt was made to produce LNG, but industrial-scale production has reached only the mid-1960s.
In Russia, the construction of the first LNG plant began in 2006 have taken various steps to implement its strategic goal - to become a leader among global energy companies by entering new markets, diversifying activities, and ensuring security of supply. LNG plant at this point is particularly important, as it will expand the geography of "Gazprom" and enter the global LNG market. The ceremonial opening of the plant took place in the winter of 2009.
Aviation Kerosene - JP54
Aviation Kerosene – A petroleum product obtained by distillation or rectification of crude oil. The use of Aviation kerosene is extensively. It is used as aircraft and rocket fuel, during the firing of glass products, household lighting and heating devices, as well as a solvent. Being an excellent solvent, it easily gets into hard to reach places in a mechanisms and are therefore widely used in the cleaning and repair of various parts. Aviation Kerosene is produced in several kinds: white, air, lighting, rocket fuel. The components in the aviation kerosene is not limited to only fuel, but is also a refrigerant and oil lubrication.
The implementation of the sales network of Aviation kerosene is not limited, we have a longstanding relationship with regional customers and consumers in the CIS and Asia. Our delivery locations are constantly expanding.
Field of application of kerosene:
⦁ Fuel for aircraft engines in the rocket fuel
⦁ Fuel for machine tools during firing of porcelain and glass products
⦁ Lighting and heating
⦁ Used in welding equipment
⦁ Used as a solvent for various paints.
Another important field of application of fuel – as a diluent winter diesel fuel, and as a base fuel for multi-fuel engines.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) on the physical and chemical properties is a high grade fuel for automobile engines. major components of the CIS - propane and butane, which is a by-product of oil refining and gas-gasoline plant.
The gas mixes well with air to form a homogeneous fuel-air mixture, provides a high heating value, does not detonate when burned. In a gas, the minimum content of substances that contribute to carbon deposition polluting power system, as well as corrosive parts. During the combustion of gaseous fuel mixture of hazardous substances released into the atmosphere is formed minimal amount. The CIS consists mainly propane and butane, and ethane, ethylene butylene pentanes. Their total number in relation to the main fraction of gas (propane and butane) does not exceed 5-6%.
LPG components let you create the properties of gaseous fuel engine. while stirring propane guarantees an optimum vapor pressure of the gas mixture, which is particularly important for the operation of gas-cylinder vehicles in various climatic conditions and at different times of the year. Therefore, propane is a desirable component of the CIS.
Bhutan is one of high calorific value and is easily combustible components of the CIS. However, due to the low vapor pressure butane in our country in its pure form as a fuel is not used. Experience in operating gas-cylinder cars showed that the ratio of the CIS propane to butane in the winter should be 70-75% higher than in the summer.
Liquefied petroleum gas is colorless and odorless, so for safety when used in cars give him the special smell - odoriruyut. In our time, a measure of the quality of fuel octane number, which measures detonation resistance of hydrocarbon gases. The higher the octane rating of the fuel, means it is more resistant to detonation. For most of the main components of the gas octane number of 100-115, that is higher than the best grades of gasoline.
Russian Export Blend Crude Oil
RUSSIAN EXPORT BLEND CRUDE OIL
Crude Oil - is extracted from the earth through oil wells. Color of crude oil is usually black, but sometimes the color may vary, for example, it can be yellowish or slightly transparent - all of these properties depend on the ratio of carbohydrates in the crude oil.
The structure consists of a complex mixture of organic matter and carbon. Oil Research Institute found more than five hundred of complex chemical constituents.
List of constituent parts, which are part of crude oil:
Carbohydrates - 90%
Oxygen - 0 to 1%
Hydrogen - from 10 to 15%
Sulphur - 0.1 to 3.0%
Nitrogen - from 0.1 to 0.5%
In composition, each grade of crude oil may have a difference somewhere percentage of sulfur or nitrogen will be more. The composition of crude oil can contain special light materials, which tend to evaporate quickly. There are also varieties of oil, which are substances with a weight, such as a substance like bitumen.
Crude oil is divided into several categories depending on the content in the different fractions of oil and its density - kg / cu. m: